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Riding The Ghan Train in Australia – A Great Way to See the Red Centre

Have you dreamed of traveling in Australia? How about riding the famous Ghan Train through the Outback? It’s the trip-of-a-lifetime with great food and drink plus amazing places to visit along the way.

We often hear the words trip-of-a-lifetime, and this trip really lives up to the promise. We spent four days on The Ghan train traveling through Australia’s Red Centre. It’s 3,000 km, from Darwin to Adelaide, and throughout the trek, we had great food and beverages, comfortable beds, and great off train excursions. As The Ghan claims, it’s “the perfect balance of comfort and adventure.”

We love traveling in Australia. It’s such an amazing country. On this trip, we focused on the Northern Territory and Red Centre. We spent three days looping through Litchfield and Kakadu National Parks and then boarded The Ghan for our trip through the outback.

We stopped in Katherine and went on a cruise in Nitmiluk Gorge on Day 1. On Day 2 we could have visited sights in Alice Springs, but instead took an optional upgrade and flew to Uluru. We visited the opal mines and Breakaways in Coober Pedy on Day 3. On Day 4 we arrived and off boarded in Adelaide.

Here’s what’s in this article:

The Ghan Train at a stop in Australia’s Outback.
The Ghan train stopped in Manguri while we toured Coober Pedy. (Photo credit: Dr. Mary Vail)

Getting to The Ghan

We flew into Darwin and spent three days in Litchfield and Kakadu National Parks. Then we returned to Darwin and checked into the Oaks Darwin Elan Hotel. The Ghan provides pickup service from a selection of Darwin hotels and the Oaks was one of them. The next morning, Ghan employees and buses arrived and took us to the train. We spent the rest of the morning settling into our cabins and exploring the train.

Watching the sunrise in Australia’s outback from bed in my Ghan train cabin.
Waking up to an outback sunrise. (Photo credit: Dr. Mary Vail)

It took three nights and four days to travel from Darwin to Adelaide on The Ghan. Each day we visited amazing sites and each night we were rocked to sleep in our comfortable, airconditioned cabins. Enroute, we stopped in Katherine, Alice Springs, and Coober Pedy. There is a choice of Off Train Experiences at each location. All of the excursions are included in the price of the trip except for a couple of optional upgrades.

Lunch menu and plate of fruit in the Queen Adelaide Restaurant on The Ghan train.
Lunch in the Queen Adelaide Restaurant on The Ghan.

After enjoying a very nice lunch onboard, we arrived in Katherine and boarded buses to Nitmiluk National Park where we cruised the gorge and visited a rock art site.

Tour boat docking at the rock art site in the first Nitmiluk Gorge in Nitmiluk National Park.
A tour boat docked at the rock art site in Gorge 1.

Day 1: Katherine Nitmiluk Gorge Cruise

In Nitmiluk National Park, we boarded a boat and cruised through the first gorge on the Katherine River. The water was calm and clear, the rugged, ancient sandstone cliffs were impressive.

As we traveled through the gorge, our pilot/guide, pointed out features, described how the gorge was formed, and explained the importance of this area to the Jawoyn (Jar-win), the Indigenous people whose ancestors have inhabited this region for tens of thousands of years. The Jawoyn call this place Nitmiluk because of the tic tic sound made by the cicadas that inhabit the area. Nitmiluk (Nit-me-look) means Cicada Place.

At the end of the first gorge, the boat docked, and we walked up to a platform to view an important rock art site.

Interpretive sign explaining the purpose and importance of Aboriginal rock art in Nitmiluk National Park.
Interpretive sign explaining the purpose and importance of Aboriginal rock art. (Photo credit: Dr. Mary Vail)

The Rock Art

The Jawoyn keep their culture and traditions alive with stories they pass from generation to generation. The rock art paintings document their stories. The stories are often about the dreamtime when supernatural ancestors created the landscape. The land is sacred; it’s home to creation spirits, and some of the rock art paintings may date back to the ice age. (Source)

Ancient Aboriginal rock art in Nitmiluk Gorge.
Rock paintings are like books to the Jawoyn people. They have meaning and preserve knowledge.
Aboriginal rock art in Nitmiluk Gorge.
Aboriginal rock art in Nitmiluk Gorge.

What is There to See and Do in Nitmiluk Gorge?

  • Nitmiluk Gorge Cruise: take a cruise through one or two of the 13 gorges on the Katherine River
  • Sandstone Walls: checkout the sandstone walls carved by the Katherine River
  • Rock Art: see and learn about an important rock art site at the end of the first gorge
  • Wildlife: watch for birds and crocodiles along the rocks and sandy shore
A female crocodile on the shore in Nitmiluk Gorge. Our guide said she is ready to build a nest and lay her eggs.
A freshwater crocodile warming up in the sun.

We passed by a freshwater crocodile sunning on the bank. Our pilot/guide said it was a female and that she would soon dig a nest in the sand and lay her eggs. She’s a freshwater croc, which you can tell by her narrow snout.

There are 13 gorges in the park. During the wet season, the water can get high enough to interconnect the gorges, which allows saltwater crocs to get in. The National Park Service traps and removes them because, unlike freshies, salties are extremely dangerous.

Visitors to Nitmiluk Gorge walk from gorge 1 to gorge 2 where they will take a second boat.
Visitors in Nitmiluk National Park walking from Gorge 1 to Gorge 2. (Photo credit: Dr. Mary Vail)

During dry season the gorges are separated by exposed rocks. On our visit in mid-June, the cruises were operating in the first two gorges. To cruise both gorges, you get off the first boat, walk to the second gorge, and board another boat.

Choice of Ghan Train Tours to Nitmiluk Gorge

Ghan passengers can choose between two included excursions at the Katherine stop. They both include a Nitmiluk Gorge cruise and a stop at an important rock art site. The difference between them is that one cruise goes through two gorges with only a brief rock art stop. The other tour just goes through the first gorge but spends more time and includes a longer talk about the rock art. There is also an optional upgrade to a helicopter flight through Nitmiluk Gorge.

Circling Uluru in a small plane in Australia’s Red Center.
Circling Uluru in a small plane.

Day 2: Alice Springs

We arrived early in Alice Springs, where there’s a full day of off-train excursions available. The choices all sounded great, but we just couldn’t pass up the optional upgrade flight to Uluru (formerly called Ayers Rock).

Choice of Ghan Train Tours in Alice Springs

  • Alice Springs Desert Park: includes a tour through the park to see hundreds of desert animals and plants, a free flight bird show, and hear ancient cultural stories
  • Alice Explorer: includes visits to the Royal Flying Doctor Service and Alice Springs Reptile Centre
  • Simpsons Gap Discovery Walk: a 4 km walk through the passages of the West MacDonnell Ranges, home to the ancestors of the Arrernte people
  • Alice to Off Road: a 12 km bike trek along the dry Todd River and section of the Ilentye Trail plus free time in Todd Mall
Ghan train passengers attend an Outback BBQ at the Old Telegraph Station in Alice Springs, Australia.
An Outback BBQ at the Old Telegraph Station in Alice Springs. (Photo credit: Dr. Mary Vail)

Outback BBQ

After returning from Uluru, we were bused to the historic Alice Springs Telegraph Station for an Outback BBQ. As we entered the location, several young men were lined up along the walkway with trays of refreshing drinks, and I happily helped myself to a glass of champagne. It was a beautiful evening with lots of good food, live music, and possibly a little too much champagne.

A huge slab of opal on display in the Omoona Museum in Coober Pedy. Opal is Australia’s national gemstone.
A huge slab of opal on display in the Omoona Museum.

Day 3: Coober Pedy Opal Mines and Kanku Breakaways

On our third day The Ghan stopped in Manguri, and we toured the unique nearby mining town of Coober Pedy. It’s the biggest producer of gem-quality opals in the world. Opals explain the town’s existence, but the town’s uniqueness is because a lot of it is in tunnels underground.

A display in the Umoona Opal Mine and Museum in Coober Pedy with historical photos of scenes along the opal track.
A display in the Umoona Opal Mine and Museum in Coober Pedy.

Opals were discovered in the area in 1915. Minors came to find their fortunes and soon learned they were in an inhospitable, waterless land. Above ground it can be 40° C. but underground in the tunnels, it’s always a constant 21° C. Minors learned to both work and live underground. There are even two underground churches. (Source: Signs in the Umoona Museum)

Mounds of loose stones left over from mining operations in Coober Pedy. They are called Mullock heaps.
Mullock heaps are mounds of loose stones left over from mining operations.

What is There to See and Do in Coober Pedy?

  • Umoona Opal Mine and Museum: all three Ghan tours visit this great museum located in the underground tunnels of an old mine. The museum has a video telling “The Story of Opal,” opal displays and a talk about opal quality and types, fossil displays, an Aboriginal Interpretive Centre, and lots of historic photographs. And, of course, there’s a shop where you can buy opals.
  • Quest Opal Mine: all three Ghan tours visit this mine and you can try your hand at noodling before having a great lunch in one of the tunnels. Noodling and fossicking refer to ways of searching for small bits of opal typically in mullock heaps. A mullock heap is a mound of loose stones left over from mining operations; they are everywhere in and around Coober Pedy.
  • Underground Town: homes, shops, even a Serbian Orthodox Church are underground to beat the heat.
  • Kanku Breakaways: are colorful hills and mesas that are separated from the Stuart Range and appear broken away.
  • Odd Bits: look for art around town like the big wench 360 lookout, big steel tree, and old mining equipment.
A tunnel in Quest Mine in Coober Pedy. The walls are naturally white with reddish-brown streaks.
One of the tunnels in Quest Mine in Coober Pedy.

After touring the Omoona Museum, we went to the Quest Mine for a tour and an amazing lunch served in one of the tunnels. The walls in the tunnels we visited were all white with reddish-brown streaks. There’s no need for paint or wallpaper. The natural stone looks great.

Lunch served in one of the tunnels at Quest Mine in Coober Pedy.
Lunch served in one of the tunnels at Quest Mine in Coober Pedy. (Photo credit: Dr. Mary Vail)

Choice of Ghan Train Tours in Coober Pedy

We had a choice of three tours in Coober Pedy. All three include a visit to the Umoona Opal Mine and Museum and a tour and lunch at the Quest Opal Mine. The Explore Coober Pedy tour also visits parts of the undergound town. The Discover the Majestic Breakaways tour also visits the Kanku Breakaways.

A huge white outcrop in the Breakaways near Coober Pedy. It’s called the castle.
The huge white outcrop in the Breakaways is called the castle. (Photo credit: Dr. Mary Vail)

Kanku Breakaways Conservation Park

The Kanku Breakaways are about 30 km from Coober Pedy and are well worth visiting. This area was once a vast inland sea; now it’s a colorful, otherworldly landscape. It’s called the Breakaways because the hills and mesas look like they broke away from the Stuart Range. (Source: sign at the site)

While visiting the Breakaways, you’ll also see the Dog Fence. This 5,300 km fence was built to protect sheep from wild dingoes.

The colorful hills and mesas of the Kanku Breakaways are an otherworldly landscape.
The colorful hills and mesas of the Breakaways are an otherworldly landscape. (Photo credit: Dr. Mary Vail)

A Few More Coober Pedy Details

  • The name Coober Pedy came from the Aboriginal words kupa-piti, which means “whitefellas’ hole.” (Source) It must have seemed strange to the Indigenous people see “whitefellas” digging holes to get rocks.
  • The Antakirinja Matu-Yankunytjatjara people own this Aboriginal heritage site. Their name for this area is Umoona, which means long life.
  • Coober Pedy and the Breakaways are popular film locations. Several films, including Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome, have filmed scenes here. (Source)

Best Time of Year to Go

The Ghan Expedition operates April through October. We went in Mid-June (early winter). The weather was perfect: blue skies, not humid, warm, but not too hot.

Average temperatures by month in Alice Springs, Australia.

The Ghan Train Tour Options and Reservations

For the latest details about tour options, available dates, prices, and reservations, visit Journey Beyond Rail. It’s the official website for The Ghan.

Cabins and Carriages on The Ghan

The Ghan has two categories of service: Platinum and Gold. We did not see or experience the Platinum carriages, but they have larger suites and world-class food and wine, according to their descriptions.

Gold was perfect for us. The Queen Adelaide Restaurant had great service and food. The Outback Explorer Lounge provided anything we wanted to drink. For us, it was usually lattes in the morning and wine in the evening.

Gold service has both double and single cabins, and both cabin sizes have the same off train excursions and the same meal and drink service. The only difference is the cabin size. The singles are quite small and do not have an ensuite bath.

We wanted Gold Service twin cabins, but they were already booked for the season. So we had two options: delay our trip for a year or take a single cabin for each of us. We really wanted to go, so we opted for singles.

The sink in a single cabin on The Ghan train.
The sink in a single cabin.

The Single Cabins Worked Out Great

The single cabins have a small sitting area with two seats and a table that converts to a bed at night. There is also a small sink and mirror and enough cabinets and cubbyholes to stow a carryon size bag and backpack. The singles carriage has 18 cabins and four surprisingly good-sized shared shower/toilet facilities. Two of them include full-sized showers; the other two only have toilets and sinks.

Contents of the amenities kit provided on The Ghan train in Australia.
Contents of the train’s very nice amenities kit.

I thought there might be a waiting line for the bathrooms, especially in the morning, but there wasn’t. I would get up early, put on my travel caftan, grab my towel and walk a few feet to one of the shower equipped bathrooms. After a quick shower, it was back to my cabin with its own sink and mirror to finish getting ready.

A Bit of Ghan History

The Ghan is named after the Afghan Cameleers who came to Australia in the mid 1800s. The Cameleers and thousands of camels were brought to Australia to transport supplies and goods for settlers and explorers who arrived in the port in Adelaide and moved to inland areas. Although the Cameleers came from many parts of the Mideast, they were usually called Afghans or just Ghans.

When they were no longer needed for transport, the camels were simply turned loose. Now there are thousands of wild camels roaming around the outback.

The first section of The Ghan railroad line was completed in 1929 and went from Adelaide to Alice Springs. The final section to Darwin was completed in 2004. The line now stretches 3,000 km through the Outback, and provides the means for people from around the world to travel through Australia’s Red Centre in air conditioned comfort while visiting the amazing sights along the way.

By the numbers: The Ghan is nearly 1 km long and typically has 2 locomotives, 3 power vans, and 36 carriages.

Tip: There’s not always a good cell signal, so download stuff (music, podcasts) you might want before you go.

Passengers ready to board The Ghan train for a 4-day trip through Australia’s Red Centre.
We’re about to board The Ghan for a 4-day trek through the Red Centre of Australia. Yay! (Photo credit: Dr. Mary Vail)


Unlike most train excursions, The Ghan allocates a ton of time to off train experiences. We were off the train many hours every day visiting amazing places like Nitmiluk National Park, Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, and Coober Pedy. I love this because sightseeing is my favorite part of travel.

Author bio: Ginny Vail is a travel writer, who loves sightseeing, photography, and videography. She’s been to 45 countries across six continents and traveled by air, car, bus, train, boat, and ship. Her articles can help you discover places to go, sights to see, and details about when and how to visit them.